Functional Neurological Disorders (FND)

FND is the name given to a range of conditions where the symptoms in the body appear to be caused by difficulties in the functioning of the nervous system but which are not caused by a physical neurological disease or disorder.  There are many different types of functional symptoms including; sensory symptoms, fatigue, motor difficulties (movement) and dissociation / functional seizures.


Taking control of your functional neurological symptoms

What to do if I have an attack


Professor Christopher Williams et  al. (2011). Overcoming Functional Neurological Symptoms: A Five Areas Approach (1st Edition). (Routledge). "This book uses a Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) model to help people experiencing a range of functional neurological symptoms, including chronic headaches, fatigue, dizziness, loss of sensation, weakness and numbness. This book is available to buy online, but it may be worth asking your local library if they are able to source it for you."

This comprehensive website is useful for people with FND, their family/friends/support-network, and healthcare professionals. Set up initially in 2009 by Prof. Jon Stone (Consultant Neurologist and Honorary Professor in Neurology), it has continued to expand and develop and is contributed to by numerous professionals and patients with FND and health professionals with experience and interest in the area. There is now an app to accompany the website and the details of this can be found online.

FND Hope is an international, patient-run registered charity for patients with functional neurological disorders. It has a large and growing amount of material for patients with functional neurological disorders, especially symptoms like movement disorder and weakness.

Non-Epileptic Attacks

This website was developed by a group of healthcare professionals based in Sheffield and provides information specifically in relation to Non-Epileptic Attacks (NEAD; also known as psychogenic seizures, dissociative seizures, or functional seizures)

FND Dimensions

FND Dimensions is a UK charity for FND, focused on setting up patient-led support groups, and run by Steve Webster

FND Action

Launched in 2016, this organisation provides information about FND with a particular focus on the UK